Shoulder-Underarm-Elbow

Hi all of my friend . Good day to all of you. Today we are going to describe about Shoulder,Armpit & Elbow . This three part of our body is very important for our daily life. We need to care more for our full workforce.

-: How to care your Shoulder :-

Shoulder

It is basically a question of gently and progressively getting the shoulder moving again. This program is the safest of all treatments for frozen shoulders. Although months of these specific exercises may be required, persistence almost always pays off. Even if arthritis is present, this program may help preserve and even improve the shoulder’s range and comfort. Before beginning these exercises you should consult with your physician.

There are two components to the home program for stiff shoulders. The first is a series of stretching exercises and the second relates to regular participation in a fitness program.

Your opposite arm is a great therapist for your stiff shoulder. Your “therapist arm” is always available to apply a gentle stretch in any direction of tightness. Each of these gentle stretches needs to be held up to a count of 100.

Stretching Exercises for the Frozen or Stiff Shoulder

Photo Gallery

The basic program includes the exercises illustrated below.  Click any image below to enlarge and view in our photo gallery.

 Shoulder pain may occur in any of the many muscles, ligaments or tendons in and around your shoulder. Once your shoulder starts hurting, it can be hard to concentrate on anything else. People of all ages can experience shoulder pain. However, people who use laptops, tablets and smartphones for extended periods are more prone to this problem. A number of factors and conditions can contribute to shoulder pain. The most prevalent cause is injury to the soft tissues, including the muscles, tendons and ligaments within the shoulder. This could be due to repetitive use or overuse injury.

Sometimes, the pain is due to some kind of injury to the neck or bicep. Other causes of shoulder pain include arthritis, bursitis, tendinitis, bone spurs, torn cartilage, a broken shoulder bone, frozen shoulder and spinal cord injury. Certain diseases can also cause shoulder pain, such as diseases of the cervical spine in the neck as well as liver, heart or gallbladder disease. In addition to pain, one may experience symptoms like swelling and difficulty moving the shoulder and tenderness around the joint. You can treat minor shoulder pain at home. However, it is advisable to consult a doctor if the symptoms seem to be worsening.

Here are some home remedies for shoulder pain.

  1. Cold Compress

Cold compresses are highly beneficial in alleviating shoulder pain. The cold temperature helps numb the area, which in turn reduces inflammation and pain.

  1. Put some ice cubes in a plastic bag and wrap the bag in a thin towel.
  2. Place it on the affected area for 10 to 15 minutes.
  3. Repeat a few times daily for a few days.

You can also soak a towel in cold water and apply it on the shoulder.

Note: Do not place ice directly on the skin. It can cause frostbite.

  1. Hot Compress

Just like cold compresses, hot compresses also help treat shoulder pain, inflammation and swelling. It is best to use hot compresses after 48 hours of the injury occurring. Hot compresses also help relieve the pain of stressed out muscles.

  • Fill a hot water bag with hot water and apply it on the aching shoulder for 10 to 15 minutes while you lie down comfortably. Repeat a few times a day until you get complete relief.
  • Also, you can stand in the shower and run warm to slightly hot water on your shoulder for 5 to 10 minutes. Try to stand still for this time. You can enjoy a hot shower twice daily.
  1. Compression

Compression means putting even pressure on the painful area to help reduce the swelling. A compression wrap will give ample support to your shoulder and make you feel more comfortable.

You can compress the affected area with an elastic bandage or a warm wrap, which you can easily buy from the market. Wrap the affected area for a few days or until the pain and swelling are gone. Also, keep your shoulder elevated with the help of pillows to promote healing.

Note: Avoid wrapping it too tightly, which can lead to poor circulation and worsen the condition.

  1. Epsom Salt Bath

Epsom salt, made up of magnesium sulfate, can help reduce shoulder pain. It helps improve blood circulation and relax stressed shoulder muscles. It also helps relieve stress from the entire body.

  1. Fill your bathtub with warm or tolerably hot water.
  2. Add 2 cups of Epsom salt and stir thoroughly.
  3. Soak in this water with your shoulder submerged for 20 to 25 minutes.
  4. Do this up to 3 times a week.
  1. Massage

Massage is another good way to reduce shoulder pain. A gentle massage will help your shoulder muscles release stress and tension. In addition, it will improve blood circulation and reduce swelling and stiffness.

Get the massage done by someone who can do a good massage to your shoulder. For massaging, you can use olive, coconut, sesame or mustard oil.

  1. Warm the oil slightly and apply it on the shoulder.
  2. Gently squeeze the shoulder muscles and apply pressure as well to relieve pain and encourage blood flow.
  3. Massage for about 10 minutes, then put a warm towel on the affected area for best results.
  4. Do massage therapy a few times daily until the pain subsides.

Note: Do not massage the injured area if it causes pain.

  1. Turmeric

Turmeric is a good remedy to relieve pain in your shoulder. The curcumin in turmeric contains antioxidant as well as anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce pain and swelling.

  • Make a paste by mixing 2 tablespoons of turmeric powder and 1 or more tablespoons of coconut oil. Rub this paste over the sore muscles and let it dry. Rinse it off with warm water. Repeat twice daily until the pain is gone.
  • Add 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder to 1 cup of milk and boil it. Sweeten with honey and drink it twice daily to promote healing.
  • You can also take 250 to 500 mg turmeric capsules up to 3 times daily. Consult your doctor for the correct dosage.
  1. Apple Cider Vinegar

When it comes to treating shoulder pain, another effective household ingredient is apple cider vinegar. It has anti-inflammatory as well as alkalizing properties that can help reduce pain and inflammation.

  • Add 2 cups of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar to a bathtub of warm water. Soak in this water for 20 to 30 minutes. Enjoy this relaxing bath once daily for a few days.
  • You can also drink a glass of warm water mixed with 1 tablespoon of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar and a little honey twice daily for a week to promote quick recovery.
  1. Ginger

Ginger contains antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce pain and inflammation of any kind, including shoulder pain. In addition, it improves blood circulation that promotes quick healing.

  • Drink 2 to 3 cups of ginger tea daily. To make the tea, simmer 1 tablespoon of thinly sliced ginger in 1½ to 2 cups of water for 10 minutes. Strain, add honey and drink it.
  • You can also take ginger supplements after consulting your doctor.
  1. Lavender Oil

Lavender oil is an excellent essential oil that can relax tired muscles. This aids in reducing pain as well as inflammation.

  • Add a few drops of lavender essential oil to hot or warm bathwater. Soak your entire body in this soothing bath for 30 minutes. Do this once daily to relax your sore shoulder muscles.
  • Mix a few drops of lavender essential oil in 1 to 2 tablespoons of warm olive oil. Use it to massage the tense and aching shoulder muscles for 10 minutes, twice daily for a few days.
  1. Alfalfa

Alfalfa is another herbal remedy that can relieve pain and swelling. It ensures smooth blood flow throughout the body, in turn reducing inflammation and swelling.

  • Drink 1 or 2 cups of warm alfalfa tea for a few days to treat shoulder pain. To make the tea, add 1 teaspoon of dried alfalfa leaves to a cup of hot water. Steep for 5 minutes, strain and drink it.
  • You can also take alfalfa supplements, but consult your doctor first.

Additional Tips

  • Rest the affected area as much as possible for a few days to promote healing.
  • Keep the affected area elevated with the help of a few pillows to reduce swelling and pain.
  • Maintain good posture to help your shoulder muscles heal quickly.
  • When experiencing shoulder pain, keep your elbow at your side in order to give your shoulder a break.
  • You can even try some simple neck stretching exercises to treat the problem.
  • Use a thicker pillow while sleeping to give enough support to your neck and shoulder.
  • Try acupressure or acupuncture for quick recovery.
  • Practice some light stretching exercises for the area to treat shoulder pain. You can use a number of different stretching methods. If unsure, consult an expert.
  • Drink a few glasses of warm lemon water daily to prevent mineral deposits in the joints that can cause pain in your shoulder and other body parts.
  • You can even apply a gel containing 0.0125 percent capsaicin topically on the affected area to reduce pain.
  • Do not smoke or use other tobacco products, as they can slow down the healing process.

Note: For severe and chronic shoulder pain, consult a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. Avoid excessive intake of turmeric if you take blood-thinning medicine.

-: How to care your Elbow :-

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The elbow seems like a simple hinge. But when the complexity of the interaction of the Elbow with the forearm and wrist is understood, it is easy to see why the elbow can cause problems when it does not function correctly. Part of what makes us human is the way we are able to use our hands. Effective use of our hands requires stable, painless elbow joints. Below detail will help you to understand
•what parts make up the elbow
•how those parts work together

The important structures of the elbow can be divided into several categories. These include
•bones and joints
•ligaments and tendons
•muscles
•nerves
•blood vessels

The bones of the elbow are the humerus (the upper arm bone), the ulna (the larger bone of the forearm, on the opposite side of the thumb), and the radius (the smaller bone of the forearm on the same side as the thumb). The elbow itself is essentially a hinge joint, meaning it bends and straightens like a hinge. But there is a second joint where the end of the radius (the radial head) meets the humerus. This joint is complicated because the radius has to rotate so that you can turn your hand palm up and palm down. At the same time, it has to slide against the end of the humerus as the elbow bends and straightens.

The joint is even more complex because the radius has to slide against the ulna as it rotates the wrist as well. As a result, the end of the radius at the elbow is shaped like a smooth knob with a cup at the end to fit on the end of the humerus. The edges are also smooth where it glides against the ulna. Articular cartilage is the material that covers the ends of the bones of any joint. Articular cartilage can be up to one-quarter of an inch thick in the large, weight-bearing joints. It is a bit thinner in joints such as the elbow, which don’t support weight. Articular cartilage is white, shiny, and has a rubbery consistency.

It is slippery, which allows the joint surfaces to slide against one another without causing any damage. The function of articular cartilage is to absorb shock and provide an extremely smooth surface to make motion easier. We have articular cartilage essentially everywhere that two bony surfaces move against one another, or articulate. In the elbow, articular cartilage covers the end of the humerus, the end of the radius, and the end of the ulna. There are several important ligaments in the elbow. Ligaments are soft tissue structures that connect bones to bones. The ligaments around a joint usually combine together to form a joint capsule. A joint capsule is a watertight sac that surrounds a joint and contains lubricating fluid called synovial fluid.

Inside the elbow, two of the most important ligaments are the medial collateral ligament and the lateral collateral ligament. The medial collateral is on the inside edge of the elbow, and the lateral collateral is on the outside edge. Together these two ligaments connect the humerus to the ulna and keep it tightly in place as it slides through the groove at the end of the humerus.

These ligaments are the main source of stability for the elbow. They can be torn when there is an injury or dislocation to the elbow. If they do not heal correctly the elbow can be too loose, or unstable. There is also an important ligament called the Annular Ligament that wraps around the radial head and holds it tight against the ulna. The word Annular means Ring Shaped, and the Annular Ligament forms a ring around the radial head as it holds it in place. This Ligament can be torn when the entire elbow or just the radial head is dislocated.

There are several important tendons around the elbow. The biceps tendon attaches the large biceps muscle on the front of the arm to the radius. It allows the elbow to bend with force. You can feel this tendon crossing the front crease of the elbow when you tighten the biceps muscle. The triceps tendon connects the large triceps muscle on the back of the arm with the ulna. It allows the elbow to straighten with force, such as when you perform a push-up.

The muscles of the forearm cross the elbow and attach to the humerus. The outside, or lateral, bump just above the elbow is called the lateral epicondyle. Most of the muscles that straighten the fingers and wrist all come together in one tendon to attach in this area. The inside, or medial, bump just above the elbow is called the medial epicondyle. Most of the muscles that bend the fingers and wrist all come together in one tendon to attach in this area. These two tendons are important to understand because they are a common location of tendonitis.

The main muscles that are important at the elbow have been mentioned above in the discussion about tendons. They are the biceps, the triceps, the wrist extensors (attaching to the lateral epicondyle) and the wrist flexors (attaching to the medial epicondyle). All of the Nerves that travel down the arm pass across the Elbow. Three main nerves begin together at the shoulder: the radial nerve, the ulnar nerve, and the median nerve. These nerves carry signals from the brain to the muscles that move the arm. The nerves also carry signals back to the brain about sensations such as touch, pain, and temperature.

More common problems around the elbow are problems of the nerves. Each nerve travels through its own tunnel as it crosses the elbow. Because the elbow must bend a great deal, the nerves must bend as well. Constant bending and straightening can lead to irritation or pressure on the nerves within their tunnels and cause problems such as pain, numbness, and weakness in the arm and hand.

Traveling along with the nerves are the large vessels that supply the arm with blood. The largest artery is the brachial artery that travels across the front crease of the elbow. If you place your hand in the bend of your elbow, you may be able to feel the pulsing of this large artery. The brachial artery splits into two branches just below the elbow: the ulnar artery and the radial artery that continue into the hand. Damage to the brachial artery can be very serious because it is the only blood supply to the hand.

No More Elbow Pain ! How to Take Care of Your Elbows

Many of us have come to develop habits and routines that keep them in the best shape for a variety of needs and circumstances, and they find that this prepares them to take on pretty much anything indeed. The rest of us are more sedentary, and may find themselves challenged a bit more by the occasional physical demand. However, one thing that puts people on mostly equal footing – and back down to earth, possibly – is pain, especially pain from injury. Some of us might find that they can barely make it through the day without experiencing a certain degree of pain in their joints, for instance. And to be honest, joint pain are not something to shrug off – and indeed many of us literally can’t shrug it off.

Elbow pain, for instance, can be quite taxing. If you need to ask how this could possibly be the case, consider how much you need your arms for on a daily basis. Lifting things – not always heavy boxes but things nonetheless and opening doors are among the most common acts. How about driving? Holding guardrails on stairs and walkways and the like? Or even twisting the cap off a bottle of mineral water? All of these tasks require a certain degree of movement from the arm, particularly the joint that facilitates movement and helps sustain carried weight. It’s no surprise that elbow pain is known to be one of the most common problems treated by occupational and hand therapists. Fortunately, treatment can be boiled down to a few simple steps.

1. Find the Source of the Pain- If you detect tenderness on the protrusion on the outside of your elbow joint, this is pain in the lateral epicondyle. This is usually indicative of a condition called tennis elbow. One of the most common joint ailments, tennis elbow is named for the repetitive use of the joint in playing tennis – the repetitive use is what causes the injury, as repetitive stress and strain damages the tendons in the joint.  People who have never set foot on a tennis court can suffer this type of overuse injury. On the other hand, pain on the inside of the elbow joint – the medial epicondyle – is usually called golfer’s elbow but the basic cause of the injury is the same.

2.Find the Cause of the Pain- Overuse injuries, typically result not from the sport the injury is named after but a long time of repeated stress affecting the elbow. Some people might be able to quickly name instances where they undertook a lengthy or repetitive physical activity like working on an assembly line, carrying heavy boxes, lifting too much at the gym, and so on. Others, however, might find it more difficult to isolate the origin of their injury. It’s worth noting, though, that sometimes it’s the gripping the steering wheel on a long drive, and sometimes it can be the way you lean on your desk at work.

3.Treatment from Home- Depending on the severity of the injury, the pain might actually go away on its own under the right circumstances. Typically the immediate treatment that contributes to this – and that should be continued even if the pain persists — involves rest, ice, compression and elevation. Rest involves reducing or eliminating movement for some time, which only makes sense because it helps recovery along if the joint isn’t continuously placed under stress. Ice will help reduce both the pain and the inflammation, as the lower temperature will help numb the nerves and soothe the inflamed layers. Compression and elevation will help aid the circulation in the affected area, which will also help reduce the inflammation. These home treatments are standard for any joint pain, and they’ve been proven over time to be effective.

4.Alternative Steps- While rest, ice, compression and elevation are always part of any joint pain relief regimen, others might find that different steps help them more. Chronic pain going on for more than a week, for example, sometimes gets soothed by heat – specifically a moist hot pack applied to the elbow and forearm. Heat is known to assist in ensuring good circulation, which brings blood and nutrients to the injured area to aid in healing. Stretching is another good step to take, as long as you can do so in a totally pain-free manner. Stretching can loosen up the muscles of the forearms. Make sure that you can do these completely without pain – at most, a slight pull or stretch from the muscles.

5. Braces and Sleeves- Severe pain will probably call for external assistance. A counter-force brace, for example, is a strap-like device put on the forearm to dissipate the force from the muscles before it reaches the elbow. Place the strap about two to three finger widths from the location of the pain, and fit it snugly but not so tight it interferes with circulation. On the other hand, a wrist immobilization brace will usually be needed for severe pain or elbow pain accompanied by forearm pain. Wrist immobilization will help give the elbow muscles the rest they need in order to heal properly. Use Copper Joint Elbow Sleeves for best results.

6.Get Professional Treatment- Don’t assume that it’s for the best to simply self-treat, as this doesn’t always work out the way one hopes. Getting a professional to look at the ailment is always the best move, and any home treatment is just a bridge between feeling the pain of the injury and getting that professional opinion and eventual prescription. Look at it this way: if you’ve been doing everything right, the worst thing is that the doctor will affirm that. If you haven’t been doing it right, or if it wasn’t sufficient, or if you were unwittingly ignoring some aspects, then it will have been a very good idea to give a professional the chance to point that out.

Here are the some home remedies for dark elbows and knees.

1. Coconut Oil : – Coconut oil is a good remedy to lighten dark knees and elbows. It has contain vitamin E that can help lighten the skin tone and prevent dryness by keeping the skin hydrated and moisturized. It can even repair dark and damaged skin.

•After each shower or bath, apply coconut oil on your knees and elbows and massage gently for 1 to 2 minutes. Reapply several times a day to prevent dryness.
•Alternatively, prepare a mixture with 1 teaspoon of coconut oil and ½ teaspoon of lemon juice. Rub this solution on your dark elbows and knees and let it sit for 15 to 20 minutes. Wipe it off with paper towels. Do this once daily.
•You can also add enough coconut oil to 1 tablespoon of walnut powder to make a thick paste. Use it to exfoliate dark skin patches around your knees and elbows 2 or 3 times a week.

2. Lemon: – The Lemon has natural bleaching as well as exfoliating properties ,also it has contain a high amount of vitamin C that helps remove dead cells and lighten skin tone. It can also promote regeneration of healthy skin cells.
•Apply lemon juice on your elbows and knees and massage gently for a few minutes. Leave it on for about 20 minutes. Wash it off with warm water and apply a moisturizing lotion.
•You can also extract the juice of 1 lemon and mix it with 1 tablespoon of honey. Apply it on the affected areas and leave it on for 20 minutes. Wash the mixture off with water.
Follow either of these remedies once daily for a couple of weeks. After applying lemon juice, avoid sun exposure for the next 3 hours.

3. Yogurt: – The Yogurt contains lactic acid that helps lighten skin color. It also cleanses and moisturizes the skin.
•Mix 1 teaspoon each of plain yogurt and white vinegar to get a smooth paste. Apply it on the affected areas and let it dry. Rinse it off with warm water, pat dry and apply a moisturizer. Do this daily for a few weeks.
•Alternatively, mix 2 tablespoons of gram flour and 1 tablespoon of plain yogurt to make a thick paste. Apply it on your darkened elbows or knees and leave it on for 20 minutes. Then, rub with wet fingers to remove the paste and rinse with water. Do this 2 or 3 times a week.

4. Sugar

You can also use a homemade sugar scrub. Sugar granules help exfoliate dead skin cells and soften the skin.
1.Mix equal amounts of sugar and olive oil to make a thick paste.
2.Apply this paste on your knees and elbows and rub it around using circular motions for 5 minutes.
3.Wash it off with a mild soap and warm water.
4.Do this once daily until the skin tone around your knees and elbows lightens.
5.Repeat this treatment on a weekly basis.

5. Baking Soda: – The Baking soda acts as a gentle cleanser, hence it is effective for treating dark knees and elbows. It can help remove dead skin cells and reduce hyper-pigmentation that forms around the knees and elbows.
1.Prepare a paste with 1 tablespoon each of milk and baking soda.
2.Apply it on the affected areas and rub it around in circular motions for 2 to 3 minutes.
3.Wash it off with lukewarm water and pat dry the area thoroughly.
4.Repeat every other day until you get the desired results.

6. Aloe Vera: – The Aloe-vera is a natural skin lightener that will also keep the skin hydrated and moisturized. It can help maintain even skin tone and promote the repair of skin cells damaged by sun exposure.

1.Extract the gel by breaking open a fleshy aloe vera leaf.
2.Apply it to the affected areas.
3.Let it sit for 20 minutes, then wash it off with warm water.
4.Repeat 1 or 2 times daily for a few weeks
7. Almond

The Almond oil are good for your skin. Almonds are rich in skin-nourishing properties that can help maintain an even skin tone and keep your skin healthy and glowing.
•Massage the affected areas with warm almond oil for about 5 minutes daily before going to bed. Within a few days, you should notice improvement.
•Alternatively, mix 1 to 2 tablespoons of coarsely powdered almonds with a little yogurt to make a thick paste. Apply it on the darkened elbows and knees. Allow it to dry, then with wet fingers rub in circular motions. Wash it off with cold water. Do this once or twice daily for a few weeks.

8. Mint: – The Mint contains several volatile oils that promote collagen in the body, it helps maintain an even skin tone and makes skin glow with health.
1.Boil ½ cup of water with a handful of mint leaves for 2 to 3 minutes.
2.Add the juice of ½ lemon to it, strain and allow the solution to cool.
3.Soak a cotton ball in this solution and rub it on your knees and elbows.
4.Leave it on for 15 to 20 minutes, then wash it off with warm water.
5.Follow this treatment 1 or 2 times daily until you are satisfied with the results

9. Turmeric: – Turmeric is also highly recommended for dark elbows and knees. Turmeric can help maintain an even tone and adds a nice glow to the skin.
•Mix a little turmeric powder with 1 teaspoon of milk cream. Apply it on your knees and elbows and massage for a few minutes. Allow it to dry, then wash it off with lukewarm water.
•Alternatively, combine equal amounts of turmeric powder and gram flour. Add enough rose water to it to make a paste. Massage this paste onto your elbows and knees. Leave it on until it is dry. Finally, scrub off the dried mask with lukewarm water. Follow either of these remedies once daily. Within 1 to 2 weeks, you should notice improvement.

10. Cucumber: –  Cucumber has natural bleaching properties that help lighten dark elbows and knees, also cucumber will help keep the skin moisturized and aid in removing impurities from the outer skin layer.
•Gently rub thick slices of cucumber over your elbows and knees for 10 minutes. Leave it for another 5 minutes, then rinse it off with cold water. Follow this treatment daily.
•Alternatively, mix together equal amounts of cucumber juice and lemon juice. Stir in a little turmeric powder. Apply it on the affected areas. Leave it on for 20 to 30 minutes, then wash it off with water. Do this daily.

-: How to care your Armpit :-

armpit-underarm

The armpits are often affected by psoriasis, a condition causing red plaques with a silvery scale to appear on the skin. Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition, meaning it is caused when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own tissues. A skin disorder causing velvety, light brown to black markings on the skin of the armpits, neck, groin, and/or under the breasts.A fungal infection of the uppermost layer of the skin .Ringworm often creates a ring-shaped rash, although no worm is involved.A term occasionally used for ringworm affecting the armpit. A skin infection by the yeast Candida, causing irritated skin with white plaques. Candida grows best on warm, moist skin, and may affect the armpits.

A condition in which moist, warm skin becomes irritated and often mildly infected. Redness, itching, and burning of the skin in the armpits are common symptoms of intertrigo. When infected fluid (pus) collects in the armpit. The bacteria Staphylococcus is the most common cause.A long-term (chronic) condition causing red, tender bumps in the skin of the armpits and/or groin. The bumps often turn into abscesses and can cause scarring over time.A long-term skin infection caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium.

The infection causes red-brown, irritated patches of skin in the armpits or other moist areas of skin. A skin infection of a single hair follicle and surrounding skin. It causes a painful, red lump on the skin, which may grow into an abscess. Inflammation of the hair follicles, usually caused by bacterial infection. Most folliculitis is mild and goes away without specific treatment. Enlargement of the lymph nodes of one or both armpits. The swelling may be caused by infection, cancer, or other causes and may be detected during a doctor’s examination or on imaging tests. Harmless, small flaps of skin that commonly occur on the neck or armpits. Skin tags are more common with older age.

Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Dark Underarms

However, if it is just due to shaving, excessive sweating, accumulation of dead cells, use of certain antiperspirants, hair removal creams and improper ventilation – home remedies are a great solution to reduce them. Below listed are few simple, safe and easy remedies you can try at the comfort of your home. With some patience and effort, you can surely reduce the discoloration and wear those lovely outfits.

1. Baking Soda:

The Baking soda is an excellent scrub that makes your underarms look white and bright! It removes accumulated dead and damaged skin cells, kills germs and unclogs the skin pores. It also prevents your body odor so you can avoid using deodorants and antiperspirants.

Process:
•Mix baking soda and water to create a paste and apply to your underarms.
•Gently scrub for a minute, then wash off with clean water and pat dry.
•You can dust baking powder on the skin for a lighter appearance.
•Repeat 3 to 4 times a week.
•Rosewater can also be used for great results.
•Note: you can simply wipe your underarms with baking soda and water solution.

Tip: To neutralize body odor, mix equal parts of baking soda and corn starch and dust it on underarms.

2. Coconut Oil:

The Coconut oil contains vitamin E that helps to lighten the underarms.

Process:
•Before going to bath, massage coconut oil on underarms for 10 to 15 minutes.
•Rinse it off with mild soap and lukewarm water.
•Massage a small amount of coconut oil 2 to 3 times daily.

Tip: Coconut oil also acts as an effective and natural deodorant.

3. Lemon:

The Lemon is good at removing dark areas due to its natural bleach property. It also contains anti-septic and anti-bacterial properties that cleanse the dark underarms, and acidic properties that lighten the skin.

Process 1:
•Cut a lemon into thick slices.
•Rub it on dark underarms for few minutes every day before shower.
•Repeat Daily.
•Note: Apply moisturizer after bath to avoid dryness.

Process 2:
•Mix 2 tablespoons of lemon juice and ¼ teaspoon each of honey, yogurt and turmeric powder.
•Apply this to the dark underarms and massage for few seconds.
•Leave for about 10 minutes.
•Wash and dry the area.
•Repeat 3 times a week.

Tip: For better exfoliation, sprinkle a little sugar on the lemon wedge and massage it on the underarms.

4. Apple Cider Vinegar:

Apple cider vinegar can help to whiten the armpits with its mild acidic properties and also clears the skin by preventing the dead skin cells.

Note: Test before applying, as it may irritate your skin.

Process 1:
•Take a tablespoon or two of apple cider vinegar and mix with a little water.
•Apply this on the underarms and leave.
•Repeat for a matter of weeks.

Process 2:
•Stir 1 teaspoon each of apple cider vinegar and baking soda together and wait for the bubbling to subside.
•Apply this mixture to your armpits and allow time for it to dry completely.
•Wash off with water and continue doing this regularly.

5. Potato:

The mild acidic property in potatoes acts as a natural bleaching agents.

Process:
•Cut 1 medium sized potato into slices.
•Rub a slice onto your underarms and let it dry for 10 minutes.
•Rinse with lukewarm water.
•Repeat 2 times a day will give fast results.
•Note: You can also grate the potato and apply the juice instead of rubbing slice.

Tip:  Generally, potatoes rarely cause any skin irritations.

6. Vinegar:

Vinegar not only lightens the skin color but also kills germs and bacteria that feed on dead skin cells causing bad odor.

Process:
•Take rice flour and mix with enough vinegar to make a thick paste.
•Then take hot shower and pat the skin dry.
•Now apply the paste on your underarms and leave for 10 – 15 minutes to dry completely.
•Wash with warm water.
•Repeat the 3 times a week.

7. Olive Oil:

Olive oil has anti-oxidant and other components that make the skin look beautiful, while also brightening skin and preventing body odor.

Process:
•Mix 3 tablespoons of extra virgin olive oil and 1 cup of brown sugar.
•Wet your skin under the arms and apply the mixture.
•Leave on for 5 minutes and rinse with water.
•Repeat 2 times a week.

Tip: This process can be followed before going to bath.

8. Cucumber:

Cucumbers help many health and beauty problems, including dark underarms.

Process 1:
•Cut a cucumber into slices and rub onto the dark underarm.
•Allow to sit for a few minutes.
•Alternately, just apply the juice of the cucumber.
•Apply daily for 3-4 days for great results!

Process 2:

In this process lemon acts as a bleaching agent and turmeric prevents discoloration.
•Squeeze crushed cucumber to extract the juice, then add the lemon juice and turmeric.
•Stir well and apply on the affected area.
•Leave it on for 30 minutes and then rinse it thoroughly with water.
•Follow this daily or every other day.

9. Vitamin E oil:

Process:
•Squeeze oil from vitamin E Oil capsule.
•Rub a little bit of oil on your underarms and allow to sit for few minutes.
•Rinse with water

Tip: This oil not only whitens the underarms but also makes your skin soft and smooth when applied regularly.

10. Sandalwood:

Sandalwood is another great option to treat dark underarms. It contains skin lightening properties, while its fragrance will eliminate body odor. It also eases any burning sensation on the skin.

Process 1:
•Mix 2 tablespoons each of sandalwood powder and rose water.
•Stir well to make a thick paste and apply to dark armpits.
•Leave for 15 minutes or until dry.
•Rinse with cool water
•Repeat daily.

Process 2:
•Mix 1 teaspoon each of sandalwood powder, milk and lime juice and gram flour. Add a pinch of turmeric and stir well.
•Apply this to the armpits thoroughly.
•Wait for 20 – 25 minutes and then rinse it with cold water.
•Repeat this process regularly.

Tip: The fragrance of sandalwood helps to get rid of bad odor caused due to excessive sweating.

11. Yogurt:

Yogurt has rich amount of natural probiotics that helps to kill germs. It also provides soothing effect that can help relieve itching.

Process:
•Take a tablespoon or two of yogurt and apply to the armpits.
•Gently rub the yogurt all over the dark armpits and wait for few minutes
•Then wash it with water and repeat daily.
•Note: you can add a tablespoon of honey for added benefits.

12. Sunflower Oil:

Sunflower oil contains moisturizing and whitening properties that can make the skin look radiant.

Process:
•Take sunflower oil and apply this on the dark armpits and leave on.
•This process works best it applied twice a day.

13. Orange Peel:

Oranges contain bleaching / exfoliating properties that help to lighten the dark underarms, and also can be used as a natural deodorant. It acts as a natural scrub for your armpits and prevents the darkness by removing the dead skin cells.

Process:
•Peel the orange and leave the skin to dry under the sun.
•Grind into a power.
•Mix 2 teaspoons of powdered orange peel with enough rose water and milk.
•Stir into a thick paste and apply to the underarms.
•Gently scrub the underarms and leave for 15minutes.
•Wash off with cold water.
•Repeat 3 times a week.

14. Milk:

Milk contains many vitamins and lactic acid that lightens the dark underarms, softens and brightens the skin tone.

Process 1:
•Take a tablespoon of milk and apply this on the dark underarm area
•Massage it for few minutes and let it sit for about 5 – 10 minutes.
•Wash off with water.
•Regularly repeat this application to get rid of darkness.

Process 2:
•Mix 2 teaspoons of full fat cream milk, 1 tablespoon each of plain yogurt and gram flour.
•Apply the milk paste on your dark underarms.
•Leave for 10-15 minutes.
•Rinse the area thoroughly with cold water.
•Repeat 4 times a week.

Process 3:
•Mix 1 teaspoon each of milk and honey.
•Now add pinch of turmeric or few drops of lime juice.
•Apply on dark armpits and let it dry.
•Rinse with cold water and pat dry.
•Repeat daily.

15. Saffron:

Saffron kills the germs and bacteria (microbes) causes underarm odor.

Process:
•Take few strands of saffron and soak in 1 to 3 tablespoons of milk for 15 minutes.
•Apply to the underarms and leave overnight.
•Wash off completely in the morning.
•It can also be applied in the daytime and left to sit for 15 – 20 minutes.

16. Gram Flour or Chickpea Flour:

Gram flour also called besan is an excellent scrub that clears dead skin cells and whitens the dark underarms when applied regularly.

Process:
•Mix 2 teaspoons of gram flour and 1 teaspoon each of yogurt and lemon juice, and a pinch of turmeric.
•Apply this paste to your dark underarms and gently massage it for 5 minutes.
•Wait for about 30 and then wash it with warm water.
•Follow this process daily for first 2 weeks and then twice a week to get more effective and quick results.

17. Egg Oil:

Egg oil contains omega – 3 which helps to promote the re-epithelisation (new skin cells) that makes the skin smooth and light.

Process:
•Take sufficient amount of egg oil and apply this on the dark area of the underarm.
•Massage it gently for few minutes and leave it on overnight.
•In the morning, wash off with pH balanced soap or body wash and water.
•Continue doing this regularly to prevent the dark underarms.

18. Exfoliate with Natural Scrubs:

Gently exfoliating with natural made scrubs will remove the dead skin that can cause dark underarms.

Process:
•Take few walnuts or peanuts and grind them to make a fine powder.
•Mix 1 tablespoon of lemon juice with 1 teaspoon each of honeyand walnut or peanut powder.
•Apply to dark underarms and leave on for 10 minutes.
•Rinse with water.
•Use the scrub 2-3 times a week.
•If possible exfoliate the armpits gently with a pumice stone.

19. Oil Mixture:

There are many skin friendly oils that are available in nature, and when combined, can have amazing results.

Process:
•Mix 3 drops each of olive oil, jojoba oil, wheat germ oil and citrus oil in a little of water and stir well.
•Apply these oils to your underarms and leave it for few minutes.
•Then rinse it off with water.
•Creating a large batch of the oil mixture will make it easier to apply everyday.

20. Herbal Treatment:

There are many herbs that whiten up your underarm skin.

Process:
•Mix equal quantities of licorice root, aspen and raspberry extract.
•Apply this to the underarms.
•Let it sit for about 30 minutes and then rinse completely with water and pat dry.
•For more effective results, repeat this process regularly.
•This produces the pheomelanin compound in the skin that helps to lighten up the skin without any side effects.
•Use this process daily for 2 weeks and then continue doing this process for once or twice a week.

21. Apples:

Apples contain high amount of AHA’s which kills the germs and bacteria that causes this dark armpits. It also exfoliates the skin to eliminate the dead skin cells.

Process:
•Take 1 – 2 apples and mash it properly.
•Apply this on the affected area and gently massage the skin for few minutes.
•Leave it for few minutes and then peel off.
•Clear that area with wet cloth and repeat the process once or twice a week.

22. Honey:

Honey is an amazing natural home remedy for many health and beauty ailments. It has an anti-bacterial property that helps to kill the germs or bacteria causing dead skin cells, and also a soothing affect the helps to give relief from irritation.

Process 1:
•Take a tiny amount of honey and apply it on the armpits.
•Spread this evenly all over the underarms and let it dry completely.
•Rinse off with warm water and repeat this to get the best results.

Process 2:
•Mix 1 teaspoon each of lemon juice and honey and stir well.
•Apply this concoction to the armpits and leave for 15 – 20 minutes.
•Wash completely and then pat dry.

23. Papaya:

Papaya fruit contains the enzymes that help to lighten and exfoliate skin.

Process:
•Take a piece of papaya and rub it directly onto the armpits.
•Alternately, just apply the juice.
•Let it sit for about 15 – 30 minutes and then rinse with water thoroughly.
•Continue this process repeatedly 3 – 4 times a week to clear the darkness in the armpits.

Prevention Tips:
•Moisturize: Use natural moisturizers like aloe vera, lecithin or coconut oil to moisturize the underarms at least 2 times a day.
•Stop Shaving & Start Waxing: Shaving thickens the hair and discoloration under the arms. But waxing removes hair from the roots and accumulated dead cells leaving lighter and softer skin. If you have a sensitive skin, ask your beautician to use some herbal wax or special wax formulation made for sensitive skin.
•Skip Deodorants: The chemicals present in deodorants darken underarms. Natural deodorants and antiperspirants that include baking soda, coconut oil or rose water can be a better alternative.
•Avoid Hair Removal Creams: They contain harsh chemicals which lead to rashes, itching, irritation and other skin disorders. It is best to adopt waxing instead of them.
•Don’t Skip Shower: If the weather is hot, you should bathe more often. Neglecting bath can lead to accumulation of bacteria causing sweat and pigmentation. Mix few drops of any citrus oil to your bathing water for a heavenly smell and to prevent dark discoloration under the skin.
•Let the Skin Breathe: Avoid wearing tight clothes especially synthetic ones. Friction due to tight and synthetic clothes don’t let the skin breathe, trap the sweat inside which gives rise to bacteria and leads to friction causing rashes. It is recommended to wear cotton or skin friendly clothing. Make sure your clothing is loose enough to provide enough room for air flow.
•Don’t let your weight go out of control: Fat can get accumulated under the arms, rub against the clothes and lead to dark discoloration under the arms.
•Don’t compromise with basic hygiene: Regular exfoliation removes the accumulated dead skin cells that cause bumps and dark spots. Make sure be gentle while exfoliating as the skin is very delicate under the arms. Harsh exfoliation can lead to scars and rashes.
Use pumice stone (light-weight, abrasive volcanic rock) for exfoliation. Wet it and gently scrub the underarm area.
•Keep an Eye on Diabetes: Make sure diabetes doesn’t go out of the control. If you are suffering from Type 2 diabetes, high levels of insulin can lead to pigmentation.
•Avoid Electrolysis: Using electrolysis for hair removal can lead to discoloration.
•Stop Taking Pills: Oral contraceptives can also lead to discoloration. To check if this is the reason, stop using it for a certain time period and see if the condition improves.
•Cinnamon capsules or fenugreek can also cure darkened underarms.
•Consult Doctor: If you are suffering from aacanthosis nigricans (a skin disorder which results in velvety, light brown to black markings in areas that include armpits, then you have to consult doctor for treatment. •This condition occurs as a result of obesity or an endocrine disorder. It is found in people with diabetes and most commonly among people of African descent.
•Other possible causes include Addison’s disease, pituitary gland disorders, growth hormone therapy, hypothyroidism or use of oral contraceptives.
•Change Diet: Modify your diet to restrict starches and sugars to control diabetes.
•This condition can only be treated by doctors.

•If you didn’t achieve results with home remedies, consult the doctor for a treatment.

Warnings:
•If you are not suffering from hypergydrosis, darker skin is normal in skin areas that include eye lids and thighs where the skin is very thin. It is not a physical flaw.
•Bleaching and excessive exfoliation can
1. Cause scarring
2. Hair follicles, pores and sweat glands in your armpits can be infected.
3. Close proximity to your lymp nodes can quickly spread infection throughout your system, possible causing a septic shock.
•Consider all the pros and cons before you decide to tamper with the delicate skin under the arms. Consult medical professionals first.

Always keep in mind that results vary from person to person!  Don’t forget to share your experience with us.